Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

ISSN 2196-5625 CN 32-1884/TK

Two-stage Optimization for Active Distribution Systems Based on Operating Ranges of Soft Open Points and Energy Storage System

1.School of Electrical Engineering and Automation, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China
2.State Grid Hubei Electric Power Corporation, Wuhan 430070, China

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This work was supported by the Science and Technology Project of State Grid Corporation of China (No. 5400-202199281A-0-0-00).

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    Due to the lack of flexible interconnection devices, power imbalances between networks cannot be relieved effectively. Meanwhile, increasing the penetration of distributed generators exacerbates the temporal power imbalances caused by large peak-valley load differences. To improve the operational economy lowered by spatiotemporal power imbalances, this paper proposes a two-stage optimization strategy for active distribution networks (ADNs) interconnected by soft open points (SOPs). The SOPs and energy storage system (ESS) are adopted to transfer power spatially and temporally, respectively. In the day-ahead scheduling stage, massive stochastic scenarios against the uncertainty of wind turbine output are generated first. To improve computational efficiency in massive stochastic scenarios, an equivalent model between networks considering sensitivities of node power to node voltage and branch current is established. The introduction of sensitivities prevents violations of voltage and current. Then, the operating ranges (ORs) of the active power of SOPs and the state of charge (SOC) of ESS are obtained from models between networks and within the networks, respectively. In the intraday corrective control stage, based on day-ahead ORs, a receding-horizon model that minimizes the purchase cost of electricity and voltage deviations is established hour by hour. Case studies on two modified ADNs show that the proposed strategy achieves spatiotemporal power balance with lower cost compared with traditional strategies.

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  • Received:May 24,2022
  • Revised:August 09,2022
  • Adopted:
  • Online: January 28,2023
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