Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

ISSN 2196-5625 CN 32-1884/TK

Real-time Synchrophasor Data Compression Technique with Phasor Interpolation and Extrapolation

1.School of Electrical Engineering, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing 100044, China 2.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Denver, Denver, Colorado, 80208, USA

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This work was supported by Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. 2019RC006) and National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52077004).

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    To completely eliminate the time delays caused by phasor data compressions for real-time synchrophasor applications, a real-time synchrophasor data compression (RSDC) is proposed in this paper. The two-way rotation characteristic and elliptical trajectory of dynamic synchrophasors are introduced first to enhance the compressions along with a fast solving method for elliptical trajectory fitting equations. The RSDC for phasor data compression and reconstruction is then proposed by combining the interpolation and extrapolation compressions. The proposed RSDC is verified by both the actual phasor measurement data recorded in a two-phase short-circuit incident and a subsynchronous oscillation incident, and the synthetic dynamic synchrophasors. It is also compared with two previous real-time phasor data compression techniques, i.e., phasor swing door trending (PSDT) and exception and swing door trending (SDT) data compression (ESDC). The verification results demonstrate that RSDC can achieve significantly higher compression ratios for offline applications with the interpolation and the zero-delay phasor data compression with the extrapolation for real-time applications simultaneously.

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  • Received:August 19,2021
  • Revised:January 21,2022
  • Adopted:
  • Online: May 23,2023
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