Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

ISSN 2196-5625 CN 32-1884/TK

A Comprehensive Review on Charging Topologies and Power Electronic Converter Solutions for Electric Vehicles

1.Department of Electrical Engineering, American University of Sharjah, 26666 Sharjah, United Arab Emirates;2.Department of Electrical Engineering, South Valley University, 83523 Qena, Egypt;3.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, University of Windsor, Windsor, ON N9B 3P4 Canada;4.Electrical Engineering Department, Qatar University , Doha2713, Qatar;5.Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat,123, Oman

Fund Project:

This work was supported by the American University of Sharjah (No. FRG20-L-E112). The statements made herein are solely the responsibility of the authors.

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    Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming more popular worldwide due to environmental concerns, fuel security, and price volatility. The performance of EVs relies on the energy stored in their batteries, which can be charged using either AC (slow) or DC (fast) chargers. Additionally, EVs can also be used as mobile power storage devices using vehicle-to-grid (V2G) technology. Power electronic converters (PECs) have a constructive role in EV applications, both in charging EVs and in V2G. Hence, this paper comprehensively investigates the state of the art of EV charging topologies and PEC solutions for EV applications. It examines PECs from the point of view of their classifications, configurations, control approaches, and future research prospects and their impacts on power quality. These can be classified into various topologies: DC-DC converters, AC-DC converters, DC-AC converters, and AC-AC converters. To address the limitations of traditional DC-DC converters such as switching losses, size, and high-electromagnetic interference (EMI), resonant converters and multiport converters are being used in high-voltage EV applications. Additionally, power-train converters have been modified for high-efficiency and reliability in EV applications. This paper offers an overview of charging topologies, PECs, challenges with solutions, and future trends in the field of the EV charging station applications.

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  • Received:February 27,2023
  • Revised:May 21,2023
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  • Online: May 20,2024
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