Journal of Modern Power Systems and Clean Energy

ISSN 2196-5625 CN 32-1884/TK

Transient Stability Analysis of Grid-connected Converters in Wind Turbine Systems Based on Linear Lyapunov Function and Reverse-time Trajectory

1.Ørsted Wind Power A/S, Nesa Allé 1, 2820, Denmark;2.Technical University of Denmark, Anker Engelunds Vej 1, 2800, Denmark

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    As the proportion of converter-interfaced renewable energy resources in the power system is increasing, the strength of the power grid at the connection point of wind turbine generators (WTGs) is gradually weakening. Existing research has shown that when connected with the weak grid, the stability of the traditional grid-following controlled converters will deteriorate, and unstable phenomena such as oscillation are prone to arise. Due to the limitations of linear analysis that cannot sufficiently capture the stability phenomena, transient stability must be investigated. So far, standalone time-domain simulations or analytical Lyapunov stability criteria have been used to investigate transient stability. However, the time-domain simulations have proven to be computationally too heavy, while analytical methods are difficult to formulate for larger systems, require many modelling assumptions, and are often conservative in estimating the stability boundary. This paper proposes and demonstrates an innovative approach to estimating the transient stability boundary via combining the linear Lyapunov function and the reverse-time trajectory technique. The proposed methodology eliminates the need of time-consuming simulations and the conservative nature of Lyapunov functions. This study brings out the clear distinction between the stability boundaries with different post-fault active current ramp rate controls. At the same time, it provides a new perspective on critical clearing time for wind turbine systems. The stability boundary is verified using time-domain simulation studies.

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  • Received:March 23,2023
  • Revised:June 23,2023
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  • Online: May 20,2024
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